The Spiders from Hell? I’ll get to them, but the real question is: When did the Tudor era end?
The last of the Tudors was Elizabeth, whose final years were spent at war with Spain, including a terrible military campaign in Ireland. At the same time her politicians were struggling over who should be next in line to the throne. The principal candidate was James VI of Scotland, son of Mary Queen of Scots and direct descendant of the ancient English line interrupted by the Tudors.
Upon the queen’s death in March 1603 the Irish campaign was ended, the succession of the Stuart king went smoothly (although the reaction in London to his proclamation was described as a “silent joy”), and the slow negotiation of peace with Spain gathered pace toward its conclusion in the Treaty of London in August 1604.
So that makes 15 months. There may be one convenient event, bang in the middle of that period, to tie up these themes of peace and succession: the treason trial of Sir Walter Raleigh on the 17th of November 1603. Continue reading